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The Appointment of Parthamaspates

476901.

Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 23.18 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 116-117. RIC II 667; Woytek 594v–2; Banti 96; BMCRE 1046-9; BN 920-3. EF, dark green-brown patina. An attractive and well struck example of this historically interesting type.


Parthian interference in Armenia prompted Trajan to declare war against their king, Osroes I, in AD 114. He quickly re-established Roman control of Armenia, forced the submission of the kingdom of Osrhoene, and in 116 took Mesopotamia by defeating Osroes I. Rather than pursuing the Parthians into Iran, Trajan set up a pro-Roman Parthian “buffer state” in Mesopotamia under a puppet-king appointed by Trajan, Parthamaspates.